The fire protection requirements of buildings used for childcare, both small-scale and large-scale, are regulated by the Flemish government. The most recent version can be found in the Decree of the Flemish Government of 19 September 2008 (BS 21 November 2008), containing the standards for fire prevention in childcare facilities.
As far as fire prevention is concerned, there are two distinctions to be made. The first is between childcare that is affiliated with Kind en Gezin and those who are not affiliated with Kind en Gezin, and the second is between sizes (small facility: 9 to 25 children - medium facility: 26 to 50 children - large facility: 51 children or more).
The bigger the childcare facility, the more you'll have to cooperate with the fire brigade itself in order to meet the necessary requirements, as there is no general regulation for such cases. It is therefore preferable to consult the local fire brigade in any case of doubt.
Apart from the specific rules for childcare, these buildings must also simply comply with federal standards. That means that there is:
- At least one fire alarm must be present per floor which must be audible by everyone (because of that rule often several - preferably linked - alarms are recommended)
- One extinguishing unit per 150m² and per floor. A fire extinguishing unit is a 6-litre foam extinguisher or a 6-litre powder extinguisher. You can read more about this in our article How many and which extinguishing units/extinguishers do I need for professional use and apartments?
- It's mandatory to mark the location of fire extinguishers and emergency exits with pictograms.
Attention: if the children stay overnight, a complete fire detection system is mandatory!
What is recommended?
For the kitchen:
For the playroom:
For the bedroom: