As a landlord, it is your great responsibility to provide students not only with the necessary comfort, but also with the necessary safety.
Fire prevention and safety are an essential part of this, and even it's even regulated by law when it comes to student rooms. The specific rules differ from municipality to municipality, but can always be found in the respective police regulations. The requirements for the different student cities are broadly the same however, like the following obligations:
- There must be at least 1 fire blanket in each communal kitchen;
- There must be at least 1 extinguishing unit (one powder extinguisher of 6kg or one foam extinguisher of 6l) per 150m² and per floor. We recommend foam extinguishers because they cause less collateral damage than powder extinguishers and because foam is much easier to clean up (you need an industrial vacuum cleaner for powder). You can find more information about this in our article How many and which extinguishers/fire extinguishing units do I need for professional use and apartments?
- Optical smoke alarms are mandatory in buildings that have up to 7 rooms (1 alarm per room). If there are more than seven rooms, an automatic fire detection system is mandatory.
- In larger student houses, fire reels are required. Check with your local fire brigade.
- Fire extinguishers and exits must be indicated with pictograms.
For the different regulations per municipality (and provisions on fire prevention in rooms), you can click on the following links:
- Police regulations Antwerp
- Police regulations Ghent
- Police regulations Leuven
- Police regulations Hasselt
- Police regulations Mechelen
- Police regulations Geel
- Police regulations Kortrijk
It is of course important to always comply with these regulations, otherwise the building may be pronounced unsuitable.