If you are have a small Bed & Breakfast, you must comply with the regulations set by the new Flemish Tourism Decree of 1 April 2017.
The decree divides accommodation into three main categories:
- Room-related accommodation with less than 6 rental units and less than 13 sleeping accommodations. This includes most B&Bs, and some small hotels.
- Room-related accommodation with more than 5 rental units or with more than 12 sleeping accommodations. This includes larger hotels and lodgings.
- Terrain-related accommodation. This mainly includes campsites.
The regulations for large accommodations are a lot more complicated than those for small ones. B&Bs will usually clearly fall into the latter category, and that's a stroke of luck!
B&Bs must follow the standard regulation. More specifically, they must provide at least one 6-litre foam or 6-kg powder fire extinguisher per floor and per 150 m². Those fire extinguishers count as 1 extinguishing unit. We recommend foam fire extinguishers for accommodations, because they cause far less collateral damage than powder fire extinguishers. Powder itself is also much harder to clean up than foam.
The placement of the extinguishing units is largely up to you. They must be placed either in the accommodations itself or in its immediate vicinity. Preferably, fire extinguishers should be installed on the escape route. The fire extinguishers must always be hung on the wall and their location must be indicated by a pictogram. They must, of course, comply with the relevant standards and have a BENOR label.
Don't forget that all fire extinguishers have to be checked annually by a specialised company!
B&Bs must also provide enough smoke detectors: one in each bedroom and an extra detector in each room on the escape route (up to the entrance door). There should be at least 1 smoke detector per floor. The smoke detectors should have a built-in non-replaceable battery that lasts for at least 5 years.